At present, Sri Lanka is classified as a middle income country with a considerablyhigh degree ofachievements in macro socio-economic development. Regionaldevelopment has been introduced as far back as 1970s and several models wereexperimented with, since then. Provincial councils established under the provisionsof the 13th Amendment to the Constitution are meant to exercise devolved powerwith regard to socio-economic development. Provinces are recognized as unitsof regional development and specific priorities have been assigned to the nineProvinces.
Although macro level indicators of socio-economic development seem impressive,there are interand intra disparities in regional development. The FinanceCommission established under Article 154R of the 13th Amendment to theConstitution is mandated to develop principles and ensure abalanced regionaldevelopment in the country. Consequent to this mandate, the FinanceCommissionintroduced the Results Based Management (RBM) approach to the provincialplanning and monitoring processes since 2011.
The provincial planning processes which existed prior 2011 paid attention to theinputs andoutputs and thus monitoring was confined to reviewing the financialand physical progress. Therewas no formal system to look beyond outputs to theresults which were the purpose for which the outputs were produced. The mainobjective of introducing RBM approach was to shift themindset of policy makersand development planners at provincial level from input-output based approach toresults / outcome based approach.
However, it is observed that the new approach of RBM cannot be made fullyoperational due to various practical problems. Since the provincial authorities havebeen given instructions by the Finance Commission to use the prescribed formatsfor preparing medium-term and annual plans and for monitoring at implementationand policy levels, they will be compelled to practice the RBM approach. It is hopedthat the planning and monitoring system and practices will betransformed to aresult over time.
How to Cite:
Hewage, A., (2014). Results based management: an approach for reducing regional disparities. Sri Lanka Journal of Development Administration. 4, pp.55–81. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljda.v4i0.7115