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Education Policy Reforms and Implementation of Sri Lanka


P. Ranepura

Ministry of Higher Education and Research
About P.

Former Secretary


Former Secretary, Ministry of Skills Development and Vocational Training

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Education is the most influencing single factor to bring about human development and change to any society. In Sri Lanka, a package of comprehensive education reforms was first introduced in 1945 with the distinguished leadership of Dr. C. W. W. Kannangara. In general, subsequent governments which were elected since independence in 1948 supported and contributed further expansion of education reforms bringing about many desirable outcomes. However, Sri Lanka has not been able to generate sustainable economic growth and employment based on human capital.


There were many instances where we failed in policy implementation rather than policy formulation. Education system has been badly affected by the political interference since mid-1970s and at times tried to handle day today administration as well. We have not been able to foster skills and vocational education in par with the general education, which has been highly exam oriented. Much attention needs to be given to learning outcomes to be achieved as skills for the learner who in turn can face the challenges in real life situations.
How to Cite: Ranepura, P., 2021. Education Policy Reforms and Implementation of Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka Journal of Development Administration, 6(1), pp.1–17. DOI:
Published on 30 Dec 2021.
Peer Reviewed


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